What is a reinforcement schedule?
Schedules of reinforcement are the precise rules that are used to present (or to remove) reinforcers (or punishers) following a specified operant behavior. These rules are defined in terms of the time and/or the number of responses required in order to present (or to remove) a reinforcer (or a punisher).
Which reinforcement schedule is most effective?
Among the reinforcement schedules, variable ratio is the most productive and the most resistant to extinction. Fixed interval is the least productive and the easiest to extinguish (Figure 1).
What is a chained schedule?
a schedule of reinforcement for a single response in which a sequence of at least two schedules, each accompanied by a distinctive stimulus, must be completed before primary reinforcement occurs. Chained schedules are often used to study conditioned reinforcement. … Also called chained reinforcement.
Is a slot machine a fixed-ratio?
Are slot machines fixed interval? A fixed-ratio reinforcement schedule is a schedule in which reinforcement is delivered at fixed intervals. Let’s say, for example, that you are the casino and you want the slot machine to pay out 20% of the time, or every fifth spin.
What is an example of a fixed interval schedule?
A weekly paycheck is a good example of a fixed-interval schedule. The employee receives reinforcement every seven days, which may result in a higher response rate as payday approaches. Dental exams also take place on a fixed-interval schedule.
What are three characteristic effects of an FR schedule?
Three characteristic effect of an FR schedule? 1. High steady rate of responses until reinforcement followed by a post reinforcement pause.
- Steady rate of response with no postreinforcement pause.
- Lower response rate than ratio schedules.
- Require more monitoring at the end of each interval until a response occurs.